1. Engine Automotive Oil Additives or “Snake Oil”? Oil additives have failed to deliver for years.In August 1992, a brilliantly written article exposed the repeated failures in the claims of the oil additive (engine automotive and trucking) industry. The article was entitled Snake Oil – Is That Additive Really A Negative? It was written by Fred Rau and was originally printed in Road Rider magazine, now Motorcycle Consumer News. That expose provided the basis for what we in the industry knew: oil additives are a means of lifting money from the wallets of uninformed consumers.Many in the engine automotive industry were already skeptics. We’ve heard all the promises of friction reduction, longer lasting engines, and fuel savings. Repeatedly, such want to be solutions failed to live up to the hype. With over thirty years in the field, I was a full blown skeptic with dozens of oil additives’ experience under my belt.However, an experienced entrepreneur in the field of “toll blending” for heavy duty industrial solutions drew on his expertise to create an environmentally safe, friction reducing, motor oil additive, solving the one problem oil additives failed to overcome.Now, if the problem is truly solved, the benefits are obvious:- less friction means engine automotive protection- less heat means engine automotive friction is reduced- longer engine life means a surge in engine automotive performance- less friction/heat produces a drop in engine automotive related expense- less friction, heat also leads directly to increased engine automotive fuel economyMotor oil, as a lubricant, works but is not always sufficient. When it gets hot, motor oil breaks down, vaporizes and burns. The oil industry has been quite innovative, using different additives to combat this process. Motor oil additives consisting of zinc compounds, molybdenum (“moly”), chlorinated paraffins, and others. The problem with all these additives (apart from plugging oil passages and toxicity) is they are only suspended in the oil.But, you say, that’s the way to get the additives to the hot spots needing friction protection. You must suspend the oil additive in the oil so it is carried to the engine parts needing protection. That’s standard theory.Yes.And that’s been the guiding assumption for the oil additive industry all along. Suspend the oil additive in motor oil and let it be carried to the friction hot spots.2. The “necessary assumption” also provides the problem with engine automotive “theory”.Repeat: Suspend the oil additive in motor oil and let be carried to the friction hot spots.So, what’s the problem?The problem is, the oil additives do not permanently adhere to internal engine stress points. It’s presumed in all oil additive engineering approaches that the motor oil is going to carry its oil additive to the high stress points of the engine. This is where the extra lubricating properties are needed.In that necessary assumption also lies the problem.As an engine works under heavy load conditions, pressure and friction build up at some of those metal points. The result? The oil is suddenly “missing in action”. It burns up from excessive heat or is “squeezed out” (exceeds its load bearing capacity) due to excessive pressure.Either way you end up with “metal on metal”. The additives themselves can’t work because there isn’t enough oil present to suspend them. It’s been squeezed out or burned up. Put bluntly, an additive can only be where the motor oil is present.Remember, if oil additive engineering is relying on an additive’s suspension in motor oil to do its job, then engineering is also stuck with the limitations of the oil’s properties to withstand heat and pressure.Note. The additive must be able to withstand heat and pressure to a greater degree than oil or “Why bother adding it?”.3. Solution: What if an oil additive actually starts to perform at the temperatures and stress where oil normally fails?The solution was an additive already meeting industrial needs concerning friction and heat build up.Carried by the motor oil, it comes to friction points…- engine rings against the cylinder wall-bearings-camshafts-lifters-valve guides-turbo charger-oil pumpHere it does something that no other additive has ever been able to accomplish. This oil additive disassociates (molecularly) from the oil and literally adheres to the metal at the point of friction, leaving a soft metal carboxylate film that can out perform motor oil as a lubricant in a high friction/heat application (as can be seen in the pictures/test results referenced at the site below).So this lubricant, unlike oil, whether it be synthetic or petroleum, actually starts to perform at the temperatures and stress where oil normally fails. Remember what happens inside the engine, when fuel ignites at the top of the compression stroke and the piston is moving down the cylinder. There, most of the oil on the cylinder wall gets burned up.But this additive doesn’t burn up like the motor oil carrying it. It molecularly embeds itself into the pores of the cylinder wall. So, when the piston is traveling back up the cylinder, the additive acts as a lubricating agent and is always there.So, in summation: since you’re getting rid of the friction, then you’re getting rid of the heat generated from it. That means your oil lasts longer. It doesn’t get contaminated as quickly because those high friction points are being adequately lubricated. Adequately lubricated, they will cease to be high friction points, running cooler, the oil will pass through those points without burning which creates harmful acids and sludge.Most importantly your engine can last longer, run more efficiently, and the fuel that was being used to overcome the friction can now be used to move you down the road to where you need to go.
Advancement in communications technology has brought about many conveniences that never before thought possible. These days, even when you are in a remote place with no Wi-Fi services or cellphone services, you are still able to send email or talk to your loved ones by using a laptop that is connected to a portable device.New communications technology has given the ability for individuals to link up to anyone in any part of the globe even without the usual channels that provide voice, video, and data communications. With the aid of the artificial satellites hovering above the planet, anybody can use mobile communication tools to successfully connect with other people in other places anytime and anywhere.Each satellite communication tool is specifically engineered to suit specific functions and purposes. Today, the G2 mobile satellite two-way radio is being used by any industry because of its convenience. This tool is crucial as it is used to address the needs of public safety and emergency response workers.The MSAT, on the other hand, is used to support continent-wide group and push-to-talk private communications. This tool allows a user to broadcast to many users while having the ability to override other users inside the same talk group during an emergency, also, it can link with existing trunked radio systems which enables users to extend their coverage.The BGAN Satellite meanwhile has a wide range of functions and possible bespoke applications. This mobile satellite can be used for Internet and Intranet access, video conferencing, short message email, data transfers, and telephony. It could be that the most fascinating part in using this satellite communications device is the user-friendliness of its terminals. Using it does not require a tech engineering knowledge or allotting a few days of training because you only have to turn the BGAN on, point in the direction of the nearest satellite, then you are ready to send emails, make calls, or do video chats.On top of the list is the ISatPhone Pro, a cool mobile phone you want to get your hands on. This handheld satellite phone provides clear satellite voice quality, global coverage, and eight hours of talk time. It also allows hands-free calls because it supports Bluetooth devices, which also allows sending of short message emails, SMS, and voice mails.The ISatPhone can likewise operate in extreme weather conditions. It can withstand temperatures from -20°C to +55°C so you can stay in touch with your work mates or family even if you are in a place with extreme climate.
As opposed to most channels of communications today, fiber optics communications is still comparatively young. Through the use of optical fibers, it utilizes advanced technology that includes transferring ‘pulses of light’ from one location to another.The following are the basic steps in the means of communication using fiber creating the optical signal concerning the use of a transmitter, relaying the signal along the fiber, guaranteeing that the signal does not become too contorted or weak, picking up the optical signal, and changing it into an electrical signal.Modern optic communication systems generally include an optical transmitter to convert an electrical signal into an optical signal to send into the optical fiber, a cable containing bundles of multiple optical fibers that is routed through underground conduits and buildings multiple kinds of amplifiers, and an optical receiver to recover the signal as an electrical signal. The information transmitted is typically digital information generated by computers, telephone systems, and cable television companies.We owe this invention from Harold Hopkins, Van Heel, and John McChensy who played a major role in the improvement and commercialization of fiber optics. Though fiber has a relative advantage against copper wire communication, it still stays costly to set up and manage. But its extensive applications in networking, medicine, telecommunications and data communications to name a few, makes this technology worth the investment. What created the dawn of the ‘information age’ is its function in data transmission over long distances, even countries apart.Of course, let’s also not forget the integral role of fiber optic cables in the process of optics communications. These flimsy, transparent cables are capable of performing tasks way beyond its phsyical attributes, from operation theaters to interior designs. The need for fiber optics communications is terribly high in this current age of computers.Fiber communications has made a global impact of not leaving a country behind in communications technology. It wouldn’t be too long before our world would be connected by transparent strands of fiber optic cables.Furthermore, global communications would be quicker, more consistent, and more effective if only fiber optics producers would make fiber optics readily available and reasonable to all. On the brighter side, happily there are a few fiber optic suppliers who understand the needs of their clients. Go to a reliable fiber provider for all your fiber optics communications needs, from Cisco Xenpak to Cisco SFP.http://www.opticfit.com